Urinary incontinence refers to the symptoms associated with the involuntary leakage of urine. It is an ailment that affects both men and women equally but is more prevalent in females. Incontinence in males has been related to various diseases including prostate enlargement and injury to the continence structure after prostate cancer surgery or radiation. In women, on the other hand, incontinence has frequently been associated with pelvic floor or bladder muscle dysfunction, with the condition generally manifesting after pregnancy, delivery or menopause.
Over the years, research has differentiated two significant kinds of urine incontinence: urgency incontinence and stress incontinence. The International Continence Society (ICS) and International Urogynecological Association (IUGA) define stress incontinence as the sensation of urine loss linked with sneezing or coughing or physical exertion. By contrast, urgency incontinence is pee leaking accompanied by an overwhelming need to empty. These two forms of incontinence are so common that they coexist with various symptoms, a condition known as mixed incontinence. The majority of women diagnosed with urgency incontinence also have excessive bladder symptoms, including urgency incontinence.